29th Online Learning Article (Course Code CNE2022-020)
Specialty: Perioperative Nursing

Title: The Effect of Virtual Reality on Preoperative Anxiety: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Chang-Hoon Koo, Jin-Woo Park , Jung-Hee Ryu and Sung-Hee Han
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 3151, MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


The participant should be able to:

  • Review the effectiveness of virtual reality in relieving pre-operative anxiety,
  • Understand the limitations of the findings of the meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of virtual reality in reduction of pre-operative anxiety,
  • Identify the potential effect modifiers in the effectiveness of the interventions.

Study Material

Please click here to access the Journal before taking the quiz.


For the CNE Quiz, please kindly notice:

  • There are 5 questions in the Quiz.
  • To pass, you need at least 4 correct answers.
  • You can attempt 5 times in total.
  • If you fail more than 5 times, you may have to pay for another 5 times. (Please contact HKAN office in detail)

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